Diana S.M. Buist, PhD, MPH

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“My research goal is to gather solid evidence and to use it to improve patient care by increasing benefits and decreasing harms.”

Diana S.M. Buist, PhD, MPH

Senior Investigator and Director of Research and Strategic Partnerships, Kaiser Permanente Washington Health Research Institute

Twitter: @dianabuist

Biography

Diana Buist, PhD, MPH, is an epidemiologist and health services researcher with extensive experience conducting comparative effectiveness research. Her work focuses on reducing harms and increasing benefits for patients in the area of cancer screening and outcomes spanning across patient, provider, and system factors.

Dr. Buist has an extensive record of practical research that has led to many efforts to improve care, including the development and refinement of national breast cancer screening guidelines and their implementation within Kaiser Permanente Washington. She has been conducting research within Kaiser Permanente Washington for more than 20 years and is a strong believer in patient-centered care and the important role patients play in improving the value and quality of health care. Dr. Buist is involved in several studies aimed at providing high-value health care that provides patients and their providers with information on the expected benefits and harms of cancer screening and treatment strategies.

Dr. Buist also has a long history collaborating with external researchers, including helping lead two large national research consortia focused on improving cancer screening and outcomes: the National Cancer Institute’s Breast Cancer Surveillance Consortium and the Cancer Research Network of the Health Care Systems Research Network. Her extensive experience working with diverse data from these consortia in longitudinal studies and randomized trials in clinical systems puts Dr. Buist in a unique position to examine screening, care, and outcomes in health systems across the country.

As Kaiser Permanente Washington Health Research Institute (KPWHRI) Director of Research and Strategic Partnerships, Dr. Buist works with other Kaiser Permanente regions, our local academic partners, and other external collaborators to build enduring strategic partnerships to enhance KPWHRI’s mission, align with KPWHRI faculty research priorities, and capitalize on our unique strengths in ways that are consistent with our mission.

Dr. Buist contributes to a variety of other projects at KPWHRI, including:

  • conducting a pragmatic clinical trial of home testing for human papilloma virus, or HPV, among women overdue for cervical cancer screening
  • optimizing long-term outcomes among women with a personal history of breast cancer through studying second breast events and second cancers associated with initial breast cancer, and investigating radiation therapy, breast density, tumor biology, and surveillance strategies for these women
  • identifying screening strategies that detect breast cancer early, minimize harms, and reach diverse communities
  • understanding the shared decision-making process for lung cancer screening from the patient and provider perspectives to help inform individuals about the harms and benefits of undergoing screening
  • investigating how artificial intelligence can be used in cancer imaging for risk prediction and/or early detection
  • evaluating the harms and benefits of different work-up intensities for incidentally detected lung nodules
  • training individuals in how to conduct learning health system research.

Dr. Buist is also an affiliate professor in the Departments of Epidemiology and Health Services at the University of Washington School of Public Health and an affiliate member at Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center. She enjoys sharing her expertise by mentoring junior faculty and PhD and MPH candidates and teaching courses.

RESEARCH INTERESTS AND EXPERIENCE

  • Cancer

    Cancer screening and prevention; outreach and primary care prevention; comparative effectiveness; cost transparency; surveillance; secondary prevention; breast cancer treatment; breast cancer screening; outcomes following cancer diagnosis; cancer survivorship; provider variability in care

  • Preventive Medicine

    Cancer prevention and control; quality of care; preventive care; high-value care; consumer engagement in preventive medicine; systematic reviews

  • Women's Health

    Cancer prevention and control

  • Health Services & Economics

     

 

Recent publications

Bowles EJ, Gao H, Brandzel S, Bradford SC, Buist DS. Comparative effectiveness of two outreach strategies for cervical cancer screening. Prev Med. 2016 Jan 25. pii: S0091-7435(16)00030-X. doi: 10.1016/j.ypmed.2016.01.016. [Epub ahead of print]. PubMed

Nichols HB, Bowles EJA, Islam J, Madziwa L, Sturmer T, Tran DT, Buist DS. Tamoxifen initiation after ductal carcinoma in situ. Oncologist. 2016 Jan 14. pii: theoncologist.2015-0310. [Epub ahead of print].

Dallal CM, Lacey JV Jr, Pfeiffer RM, Bauer DC, Falk RT, Buist DS, Cauley JA, Hue TF, LaCroix AZ, Tice JA, Veenstra TD, Xu X, Brinton LA. Estrogen metabolism and risk of postmenopausal endometrial and ovarian cancer: the B~FIT cohort. Horm Cancer. 2016 Jan. [Epub ahead of print]. PubMed

Chang E, Buist DS, Handley M, Pardee R, Gundersen G, Reid RJ. Physician service attribution methods for examining provision of low-value care. eGEMS (Wash DC). 2017 Jan 13;4(1):1276. doi: 10.13063/2327-9214.1276. eCollection 2016. PubMed

Buist DS, Chang E, Handley M, Pardee R, Gundersen G, Cheadle A, Reid RJ. Primary care clinicians' perspectives on reducing low-value care in an integrated delivery system. Perm J. 2016 Winter;20(1):41-6. doi: 10.7812/TPP/15-086. Epub 2015 Nov 2. PubMed

Chubak J, Bowles EJ, Yu O, Buist DS, Fujii M, Boudreau DM. Breast cancer recurrence in relation in antidepressant use. Cancer Causes Control. 2015 Oct 30. [Epub ahead of print].

Henderson LM, Weiss J, Hubbard RA, O'Donoghue C, DeMartini WB, Buist DS, Kerlikowske K, Goodrich M, Virnig B, Tosteson AN, Lehman CD, Onega T. Factors associated with preoperative magnetic resonance imaging use among medicare beneficiaries with nonmetastatic breast cancer. Breast J. 2015 Oct 28. doi: 10.1111/tbj.12522. [Epub ahead of print]. PubMed

Buist DS, Field TS, Banegas MP, Clancy HA, Doria-Rose VP, Epstein MM, Greenlee RT, McDonald S, Nichols HB, Pawloski PA, Kushi LH. Training in the conduct of population-based multi-site and multi-disciplinary studies: the Cancer Research Network's scholars program. J Cancer Educ. 2017 Jun;32(2):283-292. doi: 10.1007/s13187-015-0925-x. PubMed

Miglioretti DL, Zhu W, Kerlikowske K, Sprague BL, Onega T, Buist DS, Henderson LM, Smith RA. Breast tumor prognostic characteristics and biennial vs annual mammography, age, and menopausal status. JAMA Oncol. 2015 Nov 1;1(8):1069-77. doi: 10.1001/jamaoncol.2015.3084.

Lehman C, Wellman RD, Buist DS, Kerlikowske K, Tosteson AN, Miglioretti DL. Diagnostic accuracy of digital screening mammography with and without computer-aided detection. JAMA Intern Med. 2015 Sep 28:1-10. doi: 10.1001/jamainternmed.2015.5231. [Epub ahead of print].

 

cancer screening

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Mailing home HPV test may offer alternative to Pap screen

Dr. Diana Buist and team reflect on HOME trial showing 50 percent screening boost in underscreened women.

birnbaum award

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HOME Trial Team wins 2019 Birnbaum Award

Interdisciplinary group shows that home-based HPV tests can boost cervical cancer screening for women at high risk.

cancer research

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Using breast MRI after cancer may lead to unneeded biopsies

A Kaiser Permanente-led BCSC study is among the largest ever to evaluate adding MRI surveillance for breast cancer survivors.

Researcher profile

Diana Buist and family in the snow

What drives Diana Buist to study breast cancer screening?

Kaiser Permanente Share profiles longtime KPWHRI investigator and director of research and strategic partnerships.

Read it in News and Events.

Breast Cancer Surveillance

Kaiser Permanente Washington Breast Cancer Surveillance Registry

Kaiser Permanente Washington has been part of the national Breast Cancer Surveillance Consortium since 1994. Learn about the Kaiser Permanente Washington Breast Cancer Surveillance Registry here.

KPWHRI In the Media

Mailing home HPV tests may provide alternative to Pap screening

Self-testing for cervical cancer increases screening rates

HealthDay, Nov 8, 2019