Michael L. Jackson, PhD, MPH, focuses on understanding how infectious diseases spread, and on designing and evaluating interventions such as vaccination programs. Dr. Jackson is the Kaiser Permanente Washington Health Research Institute (KPWHRI) principal investigator for the United States Influenza Vaccine Effectiveness (US Flu VE) Network. Using information from five sites across the country, including Kaiser Permanente Washington, this network aims to provide ongoing evaluations of the U.S. influenza vaccination program. Dr. Jackson uses data from this network to study influenza vaccine effectiveness, to estimate the burden of disease caused by influenza, and to advance the methodology of vaccine effectiveness studies.
In addition, Dr. Jackson is using data collected by the US Flu VE Network to build a simulation model for the spread of influenza, with a specific focus on understanding when new strains of the influenza virus can out-compete existing strains. This work, funded by the National Institutes of Health, aims to improve our ability to correctly choose which strains of the influenza virus to include in seasonal influenza vaccines. He also uses simulation models to predict the impact of vaccination programs on the spread of infectious diseases such as Haemophilus influenzae type b (Hib) and Neisseria meningitidis.
Dr. Jackson is a co-investigator on the Vaccine Safety Datalink (VSD) Project. The VSD, a collaboration among nine U.S. managed care organizations and the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), is the world’s premier system for post-licensure studies of vaccine safety. As a VSD co-investigator, Dr. Jackson leads studies of the safety of childhood immunizations and develops methods for using managed care data for vaccine safety studies.
While studying for his PhD at the University of Washington, Dr. Jackson was a graduate research associate with KPWHRI from 2002 to 2007, and then a postdoctoral fellow at KPWHRI from 2007 to 2008. He then spent two years as an Epidemic Intelligence Service (EIS) officer with the CDC in Atlanta. As an EIS officer, Dr. Jackson helped lead investigations of whooping cough outbreaks and of the 2009 influenza pandemic. He also designed and oversaw an enhanced surveillance system for invasive Hib disease in the U.S. during the 2008–2009 shortage of Hib vaccines. He returned to KPWHRI as an assistant investigator in 2010. He is an affiliate associate professor at the University of Washington School of Public Health.
Kwong JC, Buchan SA, Chung H, Campitelli MA, Schwartz KL, Crowcroft NS, Jackson ML, Karnauchow T, Katz K, McGeer AJ, McNally JD, Richardson DC, Richardson SE, Rosella LC, Simor A, Smieja M, Zahariadis G, Campigotto A, Gubbay JB. Can routinely collected laboratory and health administrative data be used to assess influenza vaccine effectiveness? Assessing the validity of the Flu and Other Respiratory Viruses Research (FOREVER) Cohort. Vaccine. 2019;37(31):4392-4400. doi: 10.1016/j.vaccine.2019.06.011. Epub 2019 Jun 17. PubMed
Doyle JD, Chung JR, Kim SS, Gaglani M, Raiyani C, Zimmerman RK, Nowalk MP, Jackson ML, Jackson LA, Monto AS, Martin ET, Belongia EA, McLean HQ, Foust A, Sessions W, Berman L, Garten RJ, Barnes JR, Wentworth DE, Fry AM, Patel MM, Flannery B. Interim estimates of 2018-19 seasonal influenza vaccine effectiveness - United States, February 2019. MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep. 2019;68(6):135-139. doi: 10.15585/mmwr.mm6806a2. PubMed
Thompson MG, Jackson ML, Regan A, Katz MA, Kwong JC, Ball SW, Simmonds K, Klein NP, Naleway A. Reply to Skowronski, De Serres and Orenstein. Clin Infect Dis. 2019 Feb 7. pii: 5308620. doi: 10.1093/cid/ciz115. [Epub ahead of print]. PubMed
Rolfes MA, Flannery B, Chung J, O'Halloran A, Garg S, Belongia EA, Gaglani M, Zimmerman R, Jackson ML, Monto AS, Alden NB, Anderson E, Bennett NM, Billing L, Eckel S, Kirley PD, Lynfield R, Monroe ML, Spencer M, Spina N, Talbot HK, Thomas A, Torres S, Yousey-Hindes K, Singleton J, Patel M, Reed C, Fry AM; US Flu VE Network, the Influenza Hospitalization Surveillance Network (FluSurv-NET), and the Assessment Branch, Immunization Services Division, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Effects of influenza vaccination in the United States during the 2017-2018 influenza season. Clin Infect Dis. 2019 Feb 2. pii: 5305915. doi: 10.1093/cid/ciz075. [Epub ahead of print]. PubMed
Naleway AL, Ball S, Kwong JC, Wyant BE, Katz MA, Regan AK, Russell ML, Klein NP, Chung H, Simmonds KA, Azziz-Baumgartner E, Feldman BS, Levy A, Fell DB, Drews SJ, Garg S, Effler P, Barda N, Irving SA, Shifflett P, Jackson ML, Thompson MG. Estimating vaccine effectiveness against hospitalized influenza during pregnancy: multicountry protocol for a retrospective cohort study. JMIR Res Protoc. 2019;8(1):e11333. doi: 10.2196/11333. PubMed
Shang M, Chung JR, Jackson ML, Jackson LA, Monto AS, Martin ET, Belongia EA, McLean HQ, Gaglani M, Murthy K, Zimmerman RK, Nowalk MP, Fry AM, Flannery B. Influenza vaccine effectiveness among patients with high-risk medical conditions in the United States, 2012-2016. Vaccine. 2018 Nov 9. pii: S0264-410X(18)31490-7. doi: 10.1016/j.vaccine.2018.10.093. [Epub ahead of print]. PubMed
Appiah GD, Chung JR, Flannery B, Havers F, Zimmerman RK, Nowalk MP, Monto AS, Martin ET, Gaglani M, Murthy K, Jackson LA, Jackson ML, McLean HQ, Belongia EA, Fry AM. Hospitalization following outpatient medical care for influenza: US Influenza Vaccine Effectiveness Network, 2011-12-2015-16. Influenza Other Respir Viruses. 2018 Nov 8. doi: 10.1111/irv.12616. [Epub ahead of print]. PubMed
Havers FP, Chung JR, Belongia EA, McLean HQ, Gaglani M, Murthy K, Zimmerman RK, Nowalk MP, Jackson ML, Jackson LA, Monto AS, Petrie JG, Fry AM, Flannery B. Influenza vaccine effectiveness and statin use among adults in the United States, 2011-2017. Clin Infect Dis. 2018 Oct 27. pii: 5145968. doi: 10.1093/cid/ciy780. [Epub ahead of print]. PubMed
Thompson MG, Kwong JC, Regan AK, Katz MA, Drews SJ, Azziz-Baumgartner E, Klein NP, Chung H, Effler PV, Feldman BS, Simmonds K, Wyant BE, Dawood FS, Jackson ML, Fell DB, Levy A, Barda N, Svenson LW, Fink RV, Ball SW, Naleway A. Influenza vaccine effectiveness in preventing influenza-associated hospitalizations during pregnancy: a multi-country retrospective test negative design study, 2010-2016. Clin Infect Dis. 2018 Oct 11. pii: 5126390. doi: 10.1093/cid/ciy737. [Epub ahead of print]. PubMed
Flannery B, Chung JR, Monto AS, Martin ET, Belongia EA, McLean HQ, Gaglani M, Murthy K, Zimmerman RK, Nowalk MP, Jackson ML, Jackson LA, Rolfes MA, Spencer S, Fry AM. Influenza Vaccine Effectiveness in the United States during the 2016-2017 Season. LID - 10.1093/cid/ciy775 [doi] Clin Infect Dis. 2018 Sep 11. pii: 5094815. doi: 10.1093/cid/ciy775 [Epub ahead of print] PubMed
Dr. Paula Lozano explains how a Learning Health System project finds Kaiser Permanente Washington members who could benefit most from preventive services.
New KPWHRI study helps confirm national guidelines that encourage people with high-risk conditions to get the shot.
Read more in Healthy Findings.
While flu vaccine effectiveness varies year to year, it still makes sense to get immunized annually.
Read about it in Live Healthy.
U.S. News & World Report, Jan 18, 2018