Michael Von Korff, ScD, has carried out groundbreaking research on the management and outcomes of chronic pain, depression, and other illnesses in primary care settings, emphasizing the role of patients in self-management of chronic illness. His work as an epidemiologist and health services researcher focuses on understanding how patients adapt to chronic illnesses associated with pain and psychological distress, including how they use health care services and medicines, and how they cope with illness in their daily lives.
Nationally known for his research on collaborative care for depression, Dr. Von Korff’s recent work has focused on trends and risks of long-term prescription of opioids for chronic non-cancer pain. In 2010, he and colleagues published the first study to link higher risk of fatal and nonfatal opioid overdoses to higher daily dose prescribed, leading federal officials to call for reduced opioid prescribing for chronic pain in the United States. Dr. Von Korff then worked with clinical leaders at Kaiser Permanente Washington to implement a multifaceted opioid safety initiative, which led to a 63 percent drop in the number of patients on high opioid doses. With funding from the Patient-Centered Outcomes Research Institute, Dr. Von Korff evaluated effects of these practice changes on patient pain outcomes and opioid-related adverse events, finding a one third reduction in opioid overdose rates with reductions in opioid dose, but no further change in overdose rates with more complex risk stratification and monitoring initiatives.
Dr. Von Korff is also working on the Team-Based Opioid Management project, which is funded by the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality. The project provides a public website with dozens of resources and tools that support safer opioid prescribing. Its centerpiece is the “Six Building Blocks”—the core components of safe, team-based opioid prescribing that have been implemented successfully in primary care settings across the country.
Earlier in his career, Dr. Von Korff co-led a series of major randomized trials examining various approaches to chronic illness management in primary care, including collaborative care for depression and interventions to improve self-care of chronic-recurrent back pain. He co-led the research team that developed and evaluated the TeamCare program for patients with depression and poorly controlled diabetes or cardiovascular disease, which improved depression, diabetes, and cardiovascular disease outcomes.
A major focus throughout Dr. Von Korff’s career has been studying mental-physical comorbidity (illnesses co-occurring) and how patients manage bothersome and disabling physical symptoms. This research has included a series of longitudinal studies of disability and health care use among primary care patients with depression, back pain, headache, orofacial pain, and other chronic pain conditions. He proposed a stepped-care approach to back pain management subsequently adopted by Veterans Affairs in their initiatives to improve chronic pain care in their clinics. He also developed widely used methods for grading the severity of chronic pain in epidemiologic and health services research.
Dr. Von Korff co-founded Physicians for Responsible Opioid Prescribing, an organization that has effectively advocated nationally for more cautious and selective opioid prescribing. He has published more than 400 papers in peer-reviewed journals on chronic pain, mental health, chronic illness, and disability. In 2002, the Institute for Scientific Information recognized him as one of the nation’s most highly cited scientists in psychiatry and behavioral sciences. He has served as an advisor to major global mental health studies conducted by the World Health Organization (see one here, and another here). In 2013–2014, he chaired the Population Research Work Group for the federal government’s National Pain Strategy which developed methods for defining and identifying “high-impact chronic pain” subsequently used by the U.S. National Health Interview Survey for monitoring goals related to chronic pain set by Healthy People 2020. He is an affiliate professor of psychiatry at the University of Washington and served as KPWHRI’s associate director for research from 1992 to 1996 and again from 1999 to 2005.
Disability, health care use, disease management, symptom management, physical-mental comorbidity
Opioid safety, back pain, headache, orofacial pain
Depression; depression and chronic disease comorbidity
Health care and medication use
Self-management of chronic illness, illness behavior
Shortreed SM, Von Korff M, Thielke S, LeResche LA, Saunders KW, Rosenberg D, Turner JA. Assessing nonresponse bias with electronic health records: a survey of chronic opioid therapy patients. Obs Stud, 2:24-38.
Von Korff M, Turner JA, Shortreed SM, Saunders KW, Rosenberg D, Thielke S, LeResche LA. Timeliness of care planning upon initiation of chronic opioid therapy for chronic pain. Pain Med. 2016 Mar;17(3):511-520. Epub 2015 Dec 14. PubMed
Carrell DS, Cronkite D, Palmer RE, Saunders K, Gross DE, Masters ET, Hylan TR, Von Korff M. Using natural language processing to identify problem usage of prescription opioids. Int J Med Inform. 2015 Dec;84(12):1057-64. doi: 10.1016/j.ijmedinf.2015.09.002. Epub 2015 Sep 25. PubMed
Von Korff M, Dublin S, Walker RL, Parchman M, Shortreed SM, Hansen RN, Saunders K. The impact of opioid risk reduction initiatives on high-dose opioid prescribing for chronic opioid therapy patients. J Pain. 2016 Jan;17(1):101-10. doi: 10.1016/j.jpain.2015.10.002. Epub 2015 Oct 22. PubMed
Maeng DD, Stewart WF, Yan X, Boscarino JA, Mardekian J, Harnett J, Von Korff MR. Use of electronic health records for early detection of high-cost, low back pain patients. ain Res Manag. 2015 Sep-Oct;20(5):234-40. Epub 2015 Aug 20. PubMed
Deyo RA, Dworkin SF, Amtmann D, Andersson G, Borenstein D, Carragee E, Carrino J, Chou R, Cook K, DeLitto A, Goertz C, Khalsa P, Loeser J, Mackey S, Panagis J, Rainville J, Tosteson T, Turk D, Von Korff M, Weiner DK. Report of the NIH Task Force on Research Standards for Chronic Low Back Pain. Int J Ther Massage Bodywork. 2015 1;8(3):16-33. eCollection 2015 Sep. PubMed
Stewart WF, Yan X, Boscarino JA, Maeng DD, Mardekian J, Sanchez RJ, Von Korff MR. Patterns of health care utilization for low back pain. J Pain Res. 2015 Aug 12;8:523-35. doi: 10.2147/JPR.S83599. eCollection 2015. PubMed
LeResche L, Saunders K, Dublin S, Thielke S, Merrill JO, Shortreed SM, Campbell C, Von Korff MR. Sex and age differences in global pain status among patients using opioids long term for chronic noncancer pain. J Womens Health (Larchmt). 2015 Aug;24(8):629-35. PubMed
van Tilburg MA, Levy RL, Walker LS, Von Korff M, Feld LD, Garner M, Feld AD, Whitehead WE. Psychosocial mechanisms for the transmission of somatic symptoms from parents to children. World J Gastroenterol. 2015 May 14;21(18):5532-41. doi: 10.3748/wjg.v21.i18.5532.
Kotov R, Bromet EJ, Schechter C, Broihier J, Feder A, Friedman-Jimenez G, Gonzalez A, Guerrera K, Kaplan J, Moline J, Pietrzak RH, Reissman D, Ruggero C, Southwick SM, Udasin I, Von Korff M, Luft BJ. Posttraumatic stress disorder and the risk of respiratory problems in World Trade Center responders: longitudinal test of a pathway. Psychosom Med. 2015;77(4):438-48. doi: 10.1097/PSY.0000000000000179. PubMed
The latest on our research on chronic pain and opioids—and how the results influence health policy and clinical practice.
Discovering better ways to care for people who are depressed or have chronic pain, one of KPWHRI’s founding scientists has helped change health care around the globe.
A conversation with KPWHRI’s Michael Von Korff, ScD, as he retires after 36 years of transformative health research
In Annals editorial Drs. Sascha Dublin and Michael Von Korff advocate more caution in prescribing these medications.