Jennifer McClure, PhD, is a senior investigator and clinical psychologist whose research focuses on developing new interventions to reduce people’s risk of chronic disease and cancer or help them better manage existing chronic disease. Her work includes:
She also serves as Kaiser Permanente Washington Research Institute (KPWHRI)’s director of research, faculty, and development. In this role, Dr. McClure helps set the strategic vision for the institute, oversee policies and procedures relevant to the faculty, and ensure the institute’s financial growth and stability.
Much of Dr. McClure’s research emphasizes creating highly individualized behavioral treatments that can be disseminated on a population level, through health care systems and tobacco quitlines or directly to individuals via the internet and mobile health (mHealth) apps. Her goal is to design programs that are effective, convenient, engaging, and cost-effective, understanding that to make the leap from research to real world, interventions should meet these criteria.
Dr. McClure is best known for her research creating novel treatments for nicotine dependence, particularly interventions targeted to smokers who are ambivalent about quitting. These individuals may want to quit smoking eventually, but are not yet ready to give up tobacco. Most smokers fall into this category, but few interventions are targeted to this important group. Her research has demonstrated the effectiveness of using proactive counseling and online interventions to motivate and support smoking cessation among ambivalent smokers. Her work has also shed light on the potential risks and benefits of using biological indicators of disease or disease risk to motivate quitting. Now she is developing a new mHealth app to help ambivalent smokers kick the habit.
In other current work, Dr. McClure is examining smokers’ dual use of tobacco and marijuana—a growing public health problem as legalization of cannabis spreads. Her collaborative research covers a range of topics from reducing sedentary behavior to comparing the effectiveness of various strategies for assessing and diagnosing high blood pressure.
In recognition of her scientific contributions, Dr. McClure was named a fellow in the Society of Behavioral Medicine (SBM) in 2013 and a fellow in the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco in 2018. Dr. McClure is an affiliate professor of health services at the University of Washington School of Public Health and an affiliate investigator in the Division of Public Health Sciences at the Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center. In 2008 she was named KPWHRI’s associate director of research. She assumed her role as director of research, faculty, and development in 2013.
Tobacco cessation; pharmocogenomics of nicotine addiction; treatment adherence; population-based behavior interventions; health risk communications; oral health promotion; dietary change; physical activity promotion; and informed decision-making
Development of eHealth and mHealth intervention tools
Depression treatment and development of behavior change interventions for people with serious mental illness
McClure JB. Leveraging the US tobacco quitline infrastructure to promote oral health: feedback from key stakeholders. Prev Med. 2014 Mar;60C:134-135. doi: 10.1016/j.ypmed.2013.12.025. Epub 2013 Dec 28. PubMed
Lam CY, Businelle MS, Cofta-Woerpel L, McClure JB, Cinciripini PM, Wetter DW. Positive smoking outcome expectancies mediate the relationship between alcohol consumption and smoking urge. Psychol Addict Behav. 2014 Mar;28(1):163-72. doi: 10.1037/a0034816. PubMed
McClure JB, Catz SL. Do smartphones = smart treatment for nicotine dependence? The Addictions Newsletter. 2014 Spring:14-6.
Shortreed SM, Bogart A, McClure J. Using multiple imputations to accommodate time-outs in online interventions. J Med Internet Res. 2013 Nov 21;15(11):e252. doi: 10.2196/jmir.2781. PubMed
Korfage IJ, Fuhrel-Forbis A, Ubel PA, Zikmund-Fisher BJ, Greene SM, McClure JB, Smith DM, Hensly Alford S, Fagerlin A. Informed choice about breast cancer prevention: randomized controlled trial of an online decision aid intervention. Breast Cancer Res. 2013 Sep 3;15(5):R74. PubMed
Banegas MP, McClure JB, Barlow WE, Ubel PA, Smith DM, Zikmund-Fisher BJ, Greene SM, Fagerlin A. Results from a randomized trial of a web-based, tailored decision aid for women at high risk for breast cancer. Patient Educ Couns. 2013 Jun;91(3):364-71. doi: 10.1016/j.pec.2012.12.014. Epub 2013 Feb 8. PubMed
Scherer LD, Ubel PA, McClure J, Greene SM, Alford SH, Holtzman L, Exe N, Fagerlin A. Belief in numbers: when and why women disbelieve tailored breast cancer risk statistics. Patient Educ Couns. 2013 Aug;92(2):253-9. doi:10.1016/j.pec.2013.03.016. Epub 2013 Apr 24. PubMed
McClure JB, Riggs KR, St John J, Catz SL. [More] evidence to support oral health promotion services targeted to smokers calling tobacco quitlines. BMC Public Health. 2013 Apr 11;13:336. doi: 10.1186/1471-2458-13-336. PubMed
McClure JB, Shortreed SM, Bogart A, Derry H, Riggs K, St John J, Nair V, An L. The effect of program design on engagement with an internet-based smoking intervention: randomized factorial trial. J Med Internet Res. 2013 Mar 25;15(3):e69. doi: 10.2196/jmir.2508. PubMed
McClure JB, Swan GE, St John J, Fauver R, Javitz H, Bergen A, Nishita D, Niaura R, Munafo M, David S. Pharmacogenetic smoking cessation intervention in a health care setting: a pilot feasibility study. Nicotine Tob Res. 2013 Feb;15(2):518-26. doi: 10.1093/ntr/nts173. Epub 2012 Sep 4. PubMed
As Dr. Jennifer McClure completes the last of three innovative studies, she reflects on how the work began, the difference it may make, and what happens next.
Tobacco remains a public health priority. Dr. Jennifer McClure discusses her new findings comparing ’acceptance and commitment therapy’ to standard care.
Dr. Jennifer McClure applauds the American Cancer Society’s recent strike against tobacco that burns. And she unpacks its evidence-based stance on e-cigarettes.
Dr. Jennifer McClure reflects on using personalized genetic knowledge to improve health and health care.
Dr. Jennifer McClure partnered with the leading quitline provider to see what happens when smokers are counseled about oral health and tobacco.